Today is the 54th anniversary of Haryana. On this occasion, I congratulate all the people of the state. May our state continue to rise to new heights of progress? Together, we will give a new dimension to the proud history of the state.
Haryana was formed on November 1, 1966 and the first Chief Minister of the state was Bhagwat Dayal Sharma. Haryana was formed on 1 November 1966 and the first Chief Minister of the state was Bhagwat Dayal Sharma. The partition of the state of Punjab resulted in two distinct states — Punjabi-speaking Punjab and Hindi-speaking Haryana. Haryana derives its name from Hari (Hindu god Vishnu) and Ayana (house), which means “abode of God”. Most of the state’s land is arable, but much requires irrigation. The climate of Haryana is hot in the summer and markedly cold in winter; maximum temperatures in May and June may exceed 110 °F and in January, the coldest month, low temperatures may drop below the freezing point.
Haryana is a North Indian state surrounding New Delhi on 3 sides. The Yamuna River runs along its eastern border with Uttar Pradesh. Shared with Punjab, the state capital Chandigarh is known for its modernist buildings and gridlike street plan designed by Swiss architect, Le Corbusier. The Zakir Hussain Rose Garden features 1,600 species.
About three-quarters of Haryana’s population lives in rural areas; however, cities continued to develop rapidly as commercial, industrial and agricultural marketing centers. The largest cities of the state include Faridabad, Rohtak, Panipat, Hisar, Sonipat and Karnal.
A farming-rich state, Haryana contributes large amounts of wheat and rice to the central pool. In addition, the state produces significant quantities of cotton, mustard, millet, chickpeas, sugarcane, maize and potatoes. Dairy are cattle, buffalo, and cows, predominating in the area.
Haryana has made rapid strides in the development of agriculture-based manufacturing. Among the most important of such industries are cotton and sugar processing and the production of farm machinery. Haryana also manufactures chemicals as well as a great variety of consumer goods. Read More…